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11.3          Definitions
  1. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED):  A multi-disciplinary approach to deterring criminal behavior.  Strategies rely upon the ability to influence offender decisions that precede criminal acts and emphasize enhancing the perceived risk of detection and apprehension.  Most implementations of CPTED are based solely upon the theory that the proper design and effective use of the built environment can reduce crime, reduce the fear of crime, and improve the quality of life.  Implementations of CPTED seek to dissuade offenders from committing crimes by manipulating the environment in which those crimes proceed from or occur.  The three most common strategies are natural surveillance, natural access control, and natural territorial reinforcement.
  2. Critical Infrastructures and Key Assets:  The basic facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning of an institutional community, to include areas such as:  power and utility substations; special event venues; schools; child care centers; residence complexes; food preparation and storage facilities; classrooms and laboratories; mass transit organizations; water pumping or storage locations; information technology sites; hospitals; clinics; and fuel and chemical storage sites.
  3. Incident Command System:  A standardized on-scene emergency management construct, specifically designed to provide for the adoption of an integrated organizational structure that reflects the complexity and demands of single or multiple incidents, without being hindered by jurisdictional boundaries.
  4. Iowa Law Enforcement Academy:  The official state-sponsored agency created by the Iowa legislature, Iowa Code chapter 80B.  The general purposes for which the academy and its governing council were established include:  to maximize training opportunities for law enforcement officers; to officially certify peace officers; to coordinate training records; and to set state standards for law enforcement service.
  5. Mutual Aid:  A cooperative written agreement for the exchange of services, personnel, and/or equipment among participating parties on an emergency or routine basis to more effectively and efficiently serve the interests of affected agencies and the public.
  6. National Incident Management System:  A system that provides a consistent nationwide approach for federal, state, and local governments, private-sector groups, and nongovernmental organizations to work effectively and efficiently together to prepare for, respond to, and recover from domestic incidents, regardless of cause, size, or complexity.
  7. Peace Officer:  Also referred to as a police officer or a law enforcement officer.  A duly sworn employee who is certified by the Iowa Law Enforcement Academy as having successfully completed the required course of instruction for a peace officer and who is currently employed as such by a Regent campus.  Related duties include:  enforcing criminal laws; arresting violators; responding to dispatched calls for a variety of services; investigating crimes and traffic accidents; processing documents such as citations, complaints, affidavits and warrants; collecting evidence; authoring incident reports; performing rescue functions at accidents, emergencies and disasters; and testifying in court.  University peace officers are authorized to routinely carry firearms in the course of their duties.
  8. Peace Officer Certification:  The issuance of a certificate by the Iowa Law Enforcement Academy to a law enforcement officer upon documentation that the officer has been trained in compliance with established standards.
  9. Security Guard:  A civilian public safety employee who, under direct supervision, patrols assigned areas to help protect students, faculty, staff and visitors, as well as property and equipment.  Related duties include:  locking and unlocking doors based on schedules and requests; reporting disorderly or suspicious behavior; monitoring safety devices; responding to questions from community members; performing safety escorts; and assisting with traffic control and other public safety-related duties.  Such employees have no powers of arrest and are not authorized to carry firearms in the course of their duties.
  10. Student Security Personnel:  Part-time student public safety employees who, under direct supervision, patrol assigned areas to enhance the safety of persons using the campus.  Related duties include:  securing university buildings and the property contained therein; observing and reporting criminal activity; detecting and reporting security concerns, lighting problems, and other maintenance problems or concerns; performing safety escorts; and assisting with traffic control and other public safety-related duties.  Such employees have no powers of arrest and are not authorized to carry firearms in the course of their duties.