11.11 University Public Safety Entity
The size and scope of each Regent university dictate the need for a focused and dedicated public safety entity to work cooperatively with institutional administrators, campus constituencies, and other entities to develop and implement overall safety and security protocols.
Each university is to establish a police department and a security unit in promoting safe and secure campus environments. Designated personnel, as defined below, must be appropriately trained and properly equipped to perform their assigned responsibilities.
A. Police Department
Each university shall ensure its police department meets or exceeds professionally recognized standards pertaining to selection, training, equipment, and staffing. Professional organizations include: International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Administrators (IACLEA); International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP); Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA); American Society for Industrial Security (ASIS); Association of Threat Assessment Professionals (ATAP); United States Department of Homeland Security (USDHS); and the Iowa Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA).
1. Police Officers
The Board directs that state-certified police officers employed at the three Regent universities carry firearms in the regular performance of their duties in accordance with the following criteria:
a. Police officers shall continue to meet or exceed state standards as outlined in the Iowa Administrative Code, Section 501-2.1 (80B), 501-2.2 (80B) with regard to education, pre-employment medical and psychological examinations, written cognitive testing, thorough background investigations, and physical fitness assessments.
b. All police officers shall earn certification through the Iowa Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA).
c. Following ILEA certification, all police officers shall successfully complete an intensive field training program prior to working in an independent capacity.
d. Police officers shall receive training in, and qualify with, all approved firearms before being allowed to carry such weapons. Pursuant to Iowa Administrative Code 501-8.1(80B), law enforcement officers must qualify with all duty handguns annually on a course
e. In accordance with nationally recognized best practices endorsed by the National Tactical Officers Association (NTOA) and the Iowa Law Enforcement Academy, police officers shall train in active shooter response. Training scenarios should be conducted at least annually and include other law enforcement agencies, emergency medical responders, and key university staff. All police officers shall receive training approved by instructors with the Iowa Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) or other professionally recognized training organizations. Tactics and the selection of equipment and firearms shall be in accordance with ILEA, State of Iowa Department of Public Safety, and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) recommendations and standards.
2. Use of Force and Reporting
a. Use of force policies adopted by each university shall meet or exceed standards established by national organizations, including: Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA); International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP); and International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Administrators (IACLEA). Pursuant to constitutional law and state statutes, police officers shall use only the force necessary to accomplish lawful objectives.
b. Any use of deadly force shall be in accordance with constitutional law and section 804.8 of the Code of Iowa. A police officer may use deadly force only when the police officer reasonably believes that the action is in defense of human life, including the police officer’s own life, or in defense of any person in imminent danger of serious physical injury.
c. A written report shall be completed by the university and an investigation conducted whenever a police officer: discharges a firearm for other than training; takes an action that results in, or is alleged to have resulted in, injury or death of another person; applies force through the use of lethal or less lethal weapons; or applies weaponless physical force.
d. Incidents involving serious injury or death shall be immediately reported to institutional administrators and the Executive Director of the Board of Regents.
e. Any police officer whose actions or use of force in an official capacity results in serious physical injury or death shall be placed on administrative leave, pending a review. The affected university Director of Public Safety shall be responsible for contacting the Iowa Division of Criminal Investigation (DCI) to conduct an independent review as necessary.
3. Authorized Weapons and Ammunition
a. Only approved firearms and ammunition shall be used by police officers performing law enforcement responsibilities. Selection of firearms and ammunition shall be made in consultation with the Iowa Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA), the State of Iowa Department of Public Safety, and other local, state and federal law enforcement agencies.
b. Approved firearms and ammunition being used by university police agencies shall meet Iowa Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) recommendations for law enforcement use. As such, firearms shall be of a reliable and reputable manufacture and duty ammunition shall be selected with regard to reliability, accuracy, and function. Only holsters equipped with retention capabilities shall be used.
c. Each university shall promulgate written directives that shall address: the types and specifications of all weapons and ammunition approved for use; procedures for review, inspection, and approval by an ILEA-certified instructor of all weapons intended for use; a process to remove unsafe weapons; procedures for maintaining a record on each weapon approved for official use; and guidelines for the safe and proper storage of agency authorized firearms.
4. General Training
Pursuant to Iowa Administrative Code 501-8.1(80B), all law enforcement officers must meet mandatory minimum in-service requirements regarding firearms, CPR, and general training.
University police officers shall be required to exceed state training standards in terms of hours and scope. Instruction shall include topics pertinent to a campus culture, such as: bias-based profiling; use of force; diversity; ethics; conflict resolution; de-escalation techniques; dealing with emotionally disturbed persons; legal updates; community based policing; crime prevention; substance abuse; domestic violence; sexual assault; hate crimes; stalking; and harassment.
B. Security Unit
Each university shall employ security and other support personnel who provide a variety of services to enhance safety on campus. Such employees have no powers of arrest, and are not authorized to carry firearms in the course of their duties.
Each university shall ensure that all security and support personnel receive initial and ongoing training commensurate with job responsibilities. Position classifications may include:
Fire Safety Coordinator: A civilian public safety employee who coordinates inspections with state and local fire officials. Related duties include reviewing applicable codes and building plans and reporting fire code violations.